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A retrospective case-review of 52 mothers who had a peripartum hysterectomy over the past 27 years was conducted at the Rotunda hospital, Dublin, Ireland. The chief indications were uncontrollable haemorrhage due to rupture of the uterus, placenta praevia and uterine atony. Obstetric hysterectomy is a formidable operation, usually performed as a life-saving measure and requires expert surgical dexterity in order to minimise the significant morbidity. The benefits of the subtotal operation appear to be superior to those of total hysterectomy. Counselling patients having a caesarean section regarding the possibility of hysterectomy is advisable in those who have had previous uterine surgery, multiple caesarean sections or placenta praevia.
BACKGROUND: Implementation of evidence-based obstetrical practices remains a significant challenge. Effective strategies to disseminate and implement such practices are needed. METHODS: We randomly assigned 19 hospitals in Argentina and Uruguay to receive a multifaceted behavioral intervention (including selection of opinion leaders, interactive workshops, training of manual skills, one-on-one academic detailing visits with hospital birth attendants, reminders, and feedback) to develop and implement guidelines for the use of episiotomy and management of the third stage of labor or to receive no intervention. The primary outcomes were the rates of prophylactic use of oxytocin during the third stage of labor and of episiotomy. The main secondary outcomes were postpartum hemorrhage and birth attendants' readiness to change their behavior with regard to episiotomies and management of the third stage of labor. The outcomes were measured at baseline, at the end of the 18-month intervention, and 12 months after the end of the intervention. RESULTS: The rate of use of prophylactic oxytocin increased from 2.1% at baseline to 83.6% after the end of the intervention at hospitals that received the intervention and from 2.6% to 12.3% at control hospitals (P=0.01 for the difference in changes). The rate of use of episiotomy decreased from 41.1% to 29.9% at hospitals receiving the intervention but remained stable at control hospitals, with preintervention and postintervention values of 43.5% and 44.5%, respectively (P CONCLUSIONS: A multifaceted behavioral intervention increased the prophylactic use of oxytocin during the third stage of labor and reduced the use of episiotomy.
Objective: To determine whether the non-pneumatic anti-shock garment (NASG) can improve maternal outcome. Methods: Women were enrolled in a pre-intervention phase (n=83) and an intervention phase (n=86) at a referral facility in Katsina, Nigeria, from November 2006 to November 2007. Entry criteria were obstetric hemorrhage (â¥750 mL) and a clinical sign of shock (systolic blood pressure b100 mm Hg or pulse N100 beats per minute). To determine differences in demographics, condition on study entry, treatment, and outcome, t tests and Ï2 tests were used. Relative risk (RR) and 95% confidence interval (CI) were estimated for the primary outcome, mortality. Results: Mean measured blood loss in the intervention phase was 73.5Â± 93.9 mL, compared with 340.4Â±248.2 mL pre-intervention (Pb0.001). Maternal mortality was lower in the intervention phase than in the pre-intervention phase (7 [8.1%]) vs 21 [25.3%]) (RR 0.32; 95% CI, 0.14â0.72). Conclusion: The NASG showed potential for reducing blood loss and maternal mortality caused by obstetric hemorrhage-related shock.