CMQCC Publications

2022 Publications

Leonard SA, Berrahou I, Zhang A, Monseur B, Main EK, Obedin-Maliver J. "Sexual and/or gender minority disparities in obstetric and birth outcomes." Am J Obstet Gynecol. 2022 Mar 6:S0002-9378(22)00172-7.

2021 Publications

Carmichael SL, Abrams B, El Ayadi A, Lee HC, Liu C, Lyell DJ, Lyndon A, Main EK, Mujahid M, Tian L, Snowden JM. "Ways Forward in Preventing Severe Maternal Morbidity and Maternal Health Inequities: Conceptual Frameworks, Definitions, and Data, from a Population Health Perspective." Womens Health Issues. 2021 Dec 28:S1049-3867(21)00181-X.

Zhang A, Berrahou I, Leonard SA, Main EK, Obedin-Maliver J. "Birth registration policies in the United States and their relevance to sexual and/or gender minority families: Identifying existing strengths and areas of improvement." Soc Sci Med. 2021 Dec 9;293:114633.

Leonard SA, Main EK, Lyell DJ, Carmichael SL, Kennedy CJ, Johnson C, Mujahid MS. "Obstetric comorbidity scores and disparities in severe maternal morbidity across marginalized groups." Am J Obstet Gynecol MFM. 2021 Nov 16;4(2):100530

Society for Maternal-Fetal Medicine (SMFM), Combs CA, Allbert JR, Hameed AB, Main EK, Taylor I, Allen C; SMFM Patient Safety and Quality Committee. "Society for Maternal-Fetal Medicine Special Statement: A quality metric for evaluating timely treatment of severe hypertension." Am J Obstet Gynecol. 2021 Oct 11:S0002-9378(21)01108-X.

Snowden JM, Lyndon A, Kan P, El Ayadi A, Main E, Carmichael SL. "Severe Maternal Morbidity: A Comparison of Definitions and Data Sources." Am J Epidemiol. 2021 190(9):1890-1897.

Dhurjati R, Main E, Profit J. "Institutional Racism: A Key Contributor to Perinatal Health Inequity." Pediatrics. 2021 Sep;148(3):e2021050768.

White VanGompel E, Main EK. "Safe care on maternity units: a multidimensional balancing act." BMJ Qual Saf. 2021 Jun;30(6):437-439.

Butwick AJ, Liu C, Guo N, Bentley J, Main EK, Mayo JA, Shaw GM, Stephansson O. "Association of Gestational Age with Postpartum Hemorrhage." Anesthesiology. 2021 Jun 1;134(6):874-886.

White VanGompel, E, Perez, S, Datta, A, Carlock, F, Cape, V, Main, E. “Culture That Facilitates Change: A Mixed Methods Study of Hospitals Engaged in Reducing Cesarean Deliveries.” The Annals of Family Medicine. 2021 May, 249–257.

Karakash SD, Main EK, Chang SC, Shaw GM, Stevenson DK, Gould JB. "Measuring Variation in Interpregnancy Interval: Identifying Hotspots for Improvement Initiatives." Am J Perinatol. 2021 May 3.

Rosenstein, MG, Chang, S, Sakowski, C, Markow, C, Teleki, S, Lang, L, Logan, J, Cape, VMain, E. "Hospital Quality Improvement Interventions, Statewide Policy Initiatives, and Rates of Cesarean Delivery for Nulliparous, Term, Singleton, Vertex Births in California." JAMA. 2021;325(16):1631–1639. 

Haidari E, Main EK, Cui X, Cape V, Tawfik DS, Adair KC, Sexton BJ, Profit J. "Maternal and neonatal health care worker well-being and patient safety climate amid the COVID-19 pandemic." J Perinatol. 2021 Mar 16:1–9. 

Main EK, Chang SC, Carpenter AM, Wise PH, Stevenson DK, Shaw GM, Gould JB. "Singleton preterm birth rates for racial and ethnic groups during the coronavirus disease 2019 pandemic in California." Am J Obstet Gynecol. 2021 Feb;224(2):239-241.

Mujahid, MS, Kan, P, Leonard, SA, Hailu, EM, Wall-Wieler, E, Abrams, B, Main, E, Profit, J, Carmichael, SL. "Birth hospital and racial and ethnic differences in severe maternal morbidity in the state of California." Am J Obstet Gynecol. 2021 Feb:S0002-9378(20)30845-0. Epub 2020 Aug 13. 

Morton, CH, Hall, MF, Shaefer, SJM, Karsnitz, D, Pratt, SD, Klassen, M, Semenuk, K, Chazotte, C. "National Partnership for Maternal Safety: Consensus Bundle on Support After a Severe Maternal Event." J Obstet Gynecol Neonatal Nurs. 2021 Jan;50(1):88-101.

2020 Publications

Main, EK, Chang, SC, Cheng, YW, Rosenstein, MG, Lagrew, DC. "Hospital-Level Variation in the Frequency of Cesarean Delivery Among Nulliparous Women Who Undergo Labor Induction." Obstet Gynecol. 2020 Dec;136(6):1179-1189.

Main, EK, Leonard, SA, Menard, MK. "Association of Maternal Comorbidity with Severe Maternal Morbidity: A Cohort Study of California Mothers Delivering Between 1997 and 2014." Annals of Internal Medicine. 2020 Dec 1;173(11_Supplement):S11-S18.

Main, EK, Chang, SC, Carpenter, AM, Wise, PH, Stevenson, DK, Shaw, GM, Gould, JB. "Singleton preterm birth rates for racial and ethnic groups during the coronavirus disease 2019 pandemic in California." Am J Obstet Gynecol. 2020 Oct 23:S0002-9378(20)31208-4. 

Leonard, SA, Kennedy, CJ, Carmichael, SL, Lyell, DJ, Main, EK.  "An Expanded Obstetric Comorbidity Scoring System for Predicting Severe Maternal Morbidity.Obstet Gynecol. 2020 Sep;136(3):440-449.

Gould, JB, Abreo, AM, Chang, SCMain, EK. "Time of Birth and the Risk of Severe Unexpected Complications in Term Singleton Neonates.Obstet Gynecol. 2020;136(2):377-385.

Chan, AL, Guo, N, Popat, R, Robakis, T, Blumenfeld, YY, Main, EK, Scott, KA, Butwick, AJ. "Racial and Ethnic Disparities in Hospital-Based Care Associated with Postpartum Depression." J Racial Ethn Health Disparities. 2020;10.1007/s40615-020-00774-y.

Cho, SH, Leonard, SA, Lyndon, A, Main, EK, Abrams, B, Hameed, AB, Carmichael, SL. "Pre-pregnancy Obesity and the Risk of Peripartum Cardiomyopathy." Am J Perinatol. 2020;10.1055/s-0040-1712451.

Main, EK, Chang, SC, Dhurjati, R, Cape, V, Profit, J, Gould, JB. "Reduction in racial disparities in severe maternal morbidity from hemorrhage in a large-scale quality improvement collaborative.Am J Obstet Gynecol. 2020;223(1):123.e1-123.e14. 

Leonard, SA, Abrams, B, Main, EK, Lyell, DJ, Carmichael, SL. "Weight gain during pregnancy and the risk of severe maternal morbidity by prepregnancy BMI." Am J Clin Nutr. 2020;111(4):845‐853.