CMQCC Publications

2020 Publications

Leonard SA, Kennedy CJ, Carmichael SL, Lyell DJ, Main EK.  "An Expanded Obstetric Comorbidity Scoring System for Predicting Severe Maternal Morbidity." Obstet Gynecol 2020 2020 Sep;136(3):440-449.

Gould JB, Abreo AM, Chang SCMain EK. "Time of Birth and the Risk of Severe Unexpected Complications in Term Singleton Neonates." Obstet Gynecol. 2020;136(2):377-385.

Chan AL, Guo N, Popat R, Robakis T, Blumenfeld YY, Main EK, Scott KA, Butwick AJ. "Racial and Ethnic Disparities in Hospital-Based Care Associated with Postpartum Depression." J Racial Ethn Health Disparities. 2020;10.1007/s40615-020-00774-y.

Cho SH, Leonard SA, Lyndon A, Main EK, Abrams B, Hameed AB, Carmichael SL. "Pre-pregnancy Obesity and the Risk of Peripartum Cardiomyopathy." Am J Perinatol. 2020;10.1055/s-0040-1712451.

Main EK, Chang SC, Dhurjati R, Cape V, Profit J, Gould JB. "Reduction in racial disparities in severe maternal morbidity from hemorrhage in a large-scale quality improvement collaborative." Am J Obstet Gynecol. 2020;223(1):123.e1-123.e14. 

Leonard SA, Abrams B, Main EK, Lyell DJ, Carmichael SL. "Weight gain during pregnancy and the risk of severe maternal morbidity by prepregnancy BMI." Am J Clin Nutr. 2020;111(4):845‐853.

2019 Publications

Lundsberg, LS, Main, EK, Lee, HC, Lin, H, Illuzzi, JL, & Xu, X. "Low-Interventional Approaches to Intrapartum Care: Hospital Variation in Practice and Associated Factors.Journal of Midwifery & Women's Health. 2019; doi: 10.1111/jmwh.13017. 

Main, EK. "Quality and Safety Programs in Obstetrics and Gynecology." Clinical Obstetrics and Gynecology. 2019; 62(3):505-506.

Krans, EE, Campopiano, M, Cleveland, LM, Goodman, D, Kilday, D, Kendig, S, Leffert, LR, Main, EK, Mitchell, KT, OʼGurek, DT, DʼOria, R, McDaniel, D, & Terplan, M. "National Partnership for Maternal Safety: Consensus Bundle on Obstetric Care for Women With Opioid Use Disorder." Obstetrics & Gynecology. 2019; 134(2):365-375.

Judy, AE, McCain, CL, Lawton, ES, Morton, CH, Main, EK, & Druzin, ML. "Systolic Hypertension, Preeclampsia-Related Mortality, and Stroke in California." Obstetrics & Gynecology. 2019; 133:1151-1159.

VanOtterloo, LR, Morton, CH, Seacrist, MJ, & Main, EK. "Quality Improvement Opportunities Identified Through Case Review of Pregnancy-Related Deaths From Cardiovascular Disease." Journal of Obstetric, Gynecologic & Neonatal Nursing. 48(3), 263-274.

Seacrist, MJ, Morton, CH, VanOtterloo, LR, & Main, EK. "Quality Improvement Opportunities Identified Through Case Review of Pregnancy-Related Deaths From Sepsis." Journal of Obstetric, Gynecologic & Neonatal Nursing. 48(3), 311-320.

Morton, CH, Seacrist, MJ, VanOtterloo, LR, & Main, EK. "Quality Improvement Opportunities Identified Through Case Review of Pregnancy-Related Deaths From Preeclampsia/Eclampsia." Journal of Obstetric, Gynecologic & Neonatal Nursing. 48(3), 275-287.

Morton, CH, VanOtterloo, LR, Seacrist, MJ, & Main, EK "Translating Maternal Mortality Review Into Quality Improvement Opportunities in Response to Pregnancy-Related Deaths in California." Journal of Obstetric, Gynecologic & Neonatal Nursing. 2019; 48(3), 252-262.

Seacrist, MJ, VanOtterloo, LR, Morton, CH, & Main, EK. "Quality Improvement Opportunities Identified Through Case Review of Pregnancy-Related Deaths From Obstetric Hemorrhage." Journal of Obstetric, Gynecologic & Neonatal Nursing. 48(3), 288-299.

VanOtterloo, LR, Seacrist, MJ, Morton, CH, & Main, EK. "Quality Improvement Opportunities Identified Through Case Review of Pregnancy-Related Deaths From Venous Thromboembolism." Journal of Obstetric, Gynecologic & Neonatal Nursing. 48(3), 300-310.

Leonard, SA, & Main, EK. "Risk of Severe Maternal Morbidity in Relation to Pre-pregnancy Body Mass Index: Roles of Maternal Comorbidities and Cesarean Birth." Paediatric and Perinatal Epidemiology. 2019; doi: 10.1111/ppe.12555.

Markow, C, & Main, EK."Creating Change at Scale: Quality Improvement Strategies used by the California Maternal Quality Care Collaborative." Obstetrics & Gynecology. 2019; 46(2), 317-328. 

Leonard, SA, Main, EK, Scott, KA, Profit J, & Carmichael SL. "Racial and Ethnic Disparities in Severe Maternal Morbidity Prevalence and Trends." Annals of Epidemiology. 2019; 30.

VanGompel, EW, Perez, S, Datta, A, Wang, C, Cape, V, & Main, EK. "Cesarean Overuse and the Culture of Care." Health Services Research. 2019; 54(2): 417-424.

Main, EK, Chang, S, Cape, V, Sakowski, C, Smith, H, & Vasher, J. “Safety Assessment of a Large-Scale Improvement Collaborative to Reduce Nulliparous Cesarean Delivery Rates.” Obstetrics & Gynecology. 2019; 133(4): 613-623.

Leonard SA, Main EK, & Carmichael SL. “The Contribution of Maternal Characteristics to an Increasing Trend of Severe Maternal Morbidity.” BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth. 2019;19(1):16.


2018 Publications

VanGompel, EW, Perez, S, Wang, C, Datta, A, Cape, V, & Main, EK. “Measuring Labor and Delivery Unit Culture and Clinicians’ Attitudes Toward Birth: Revision and Validation of the Labor Culture Survey.” Birth. 2018;11:1-11.

VanOtterloo, LR, Connelly, C, Gould, J, Abreo, A, & Main, EK. "Mothers at Risk: Factors Affecting Maternal Postpartum Length of Stay." Journal of Perinatal & Neonatal Nursing. 2018;10:303-314. 

Main, EK, Markow, C, & Gould, JB. "Addressing Maternal Mortality and Morbidity In California Through Public-Private Partnerships." Health Affairs. 2018;37(9):1484-1493.

Main, EK. "Reducing Maternal Mortality and Severe Maternal Morbidity Through State-based Quality Improvement Initiatives." Clinical Obstetrics and Gynecology. 2018;61(2):319-331.

Main, EK, Dhurjati, R, Cape, V, Vasher, J, Abreo, AChang, SC, & Gould, JB. "Improving maternal safety at scale with the mentor model of collaborative improvement." Joint Commission Journal on Quality and Patient Safety. 2018;44(5):250-259.

VanGompel, EW, Main, EK, Tancredi, D, & Melnikow, J. “Do Provider Birth Attitudes Influence Cesarean Delivery Rate: A Cross-Sectional Study.” BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth. 2018;18(1).