CMQCC Publications

2021 Publications

White VanGompel, E, Perez, S, Datta, A, Carlock, F, Cape, V, Main, E. “Culture That Facilitates Change: A Mixed Methods Study of Hospitals Engaged in Reducing Cesarean Deliveries.” The Annals of Family Medicine. 2021 May, 249–257.

Rosenstein MG, Chang S, Sakowski C, Markow, C, Teleki, S, Lang, L, Logan, J, Cape, VMain, E. "Hospital Quality Improvement Interventions, Statewide Policy Initiatives, and Rates of Cesarean Delivery for Nulliparous, Term, Singleton, Vertex Births in California." JAMA. 2021;325(16):1631–1639. 

Morton CH, Hall MF, Shaefer SJM, Karsnitz D, Pratt SD, Klassen M, Semenuk K, Chazotte C. "National Partnership for Maternal Safety: Consensus Bundle on Support After a Severe Maternal Event." J Obstet Gynecol Neonatal Nurs. 2021 Jan;50(1):88-101.

2020 Publications

Main EK, Chang SC, Cheng YW, Rosenstein MG, Lagrew DC. "Hospital-Level Variation in the Frequency of Cesarean Delivery Among Nulliparous Women Who Undergo Labor Induction." Obstet Gynecol. 2020 Dec;136(6):1179-1189.

Main, EK, Leonard, SA, Menard, MK. "Association of Maternal Comorbidity with Severe Maternal Morbidity: A Cohort Study of California Mothers Delivering Between 1997 and 2014." Annals of Internal Medicine. 2020 Dec 1;173(11_Supplement):S11-S18.

Main EK, Chang SC, Carpenter AM, Wise PH, Stevenson DK, Shaw GM, Gould JB. "Singleton preterm birth rates for racial and ethnic groups during the coronavirus disease 2019 pandemic in California." Am J Obstet Gynecol. 2020 Oct 23:S0002-9378(20)31208-4. 

Leonard SA, Kennedy CJ, Carmichael SL, Lyell DJ, Main EK.  "An Expanded Obstetric Comorbidity Scoring System for Predicting Severe Maternal Morbidity.Obstet Gynecol. 2020 Sep;136(3):440-449.

Mujahid MS, Kan P, Leonard SA, Hailu EM, Wall-Wieler E, Abrams B, Main E, Profit J, Carmichael SL. "Birth hospital and racial and ethnic differences in severe maternal morbidity in the state of California." Am J Obstet Gynecol. 2020 Aug 13:S0002-9378(20)30845-0.

Gould JB, Abreo AM, Chang SCMain EK. "Time of Birth and the Risk of Severe Unexpected Complications in Term Singleton Neonates.Obstet Gynecol. 2020;136(2):377-385.

Chan AL, Guo N, Popat R, Robakis T, Blumenfeld YY, Main EK, Scott KA, Butwick AJ. "Racial and Ethnic Disparities in Hospital-Based Care Associated with Postpartum Depression." J Racial Ethn Health Disparities. 2020;10.1007/s40615-020-00774-y.

Cho SH, Leonard SA, Lyndon A, Main EK, Abrams B, Hameed AB, Carmichael SL. "Pre-pregnancy Obesity and the Risk of Peripartum Cardiomyopathy." Am J Perinatol. 2020;10.1055/s-0040-1712451.

Main EK, Chang SC, Dhurjati R, Cape V, Profit J, Gould JB. "Reduction in racial disparities in severe maternal morbidity from hemorrhage in a large-scale quality improvement collaborative.Am J Obstet Gynecol. 2020;223(1):123.e1-123.e14. 

Leonard SA, Abrams B, Main EK, Lyell DJ, Carmichael SL. "Weight gain during pregnancy and the risk of severe maternal morbidity by prepregnancy BMI." Am J Clin Nutr. 2020;111(4):845‐853.

2019 Publications

Lundsberg, LS, Main, EK, Lee, HC, Lin, H, Illuzzi, JL, & Xu, X. "Low-Interventional Approaches to Intrapartum Care: Hospital Variation in Practice and Associated Factors.Journal of Midwifery & Women's Health. 2019; doi: 10.1111/jmwh.13017. 

Main, EK. "Quality and Safety Programs in Obstetrics and Gynecology." Clinical Obstetrics and Gynecology. 2019; 62(3):505-506.

Krans, EE, Campopiano, M, Cleveland, LM, Goodman, D, Kilday, D, Kendig, S, Leffert, LR, Main, EK, Mitchell, KT, OʼGurek, DT, DʼOria, R, McDaniel, D, & Terplan, M. "National Partnership for Maternal Safety: Consensus Bundle on Obstetric Care for Women With Opioid Use Disorder." Obstetrics & Gynecology. 2019; 134(2):365-375.

Judy, AE, McCain, CL, Lawton, ES, Morton, CH, Main, EK, & Druzin, ML. "Systolic Hypertension, Preeclampsia-Related Mortality, and Stroke in California." Obstetrics & Gynecology. 2019; 133:1151-1159.

VanOtterloo, LR, Morton, CH, Seacrist, MJ, & Main, EK. "Quality Improvement Opportunities Identified Through Case Review of Pregnancy-Related Deaths From Cardiovascular Disease." Journal of Obstetric, Gynecologic & Neonatal Nursing. 48(3), 263-274.

Seacrist, MJ, Morton, CH, VanOtterloo, LR, & Main, EK. "Quality Improvement Opportunities Identified Through Case Review of Pregnancy-Related Deaths From Sepsis." Journal of Obstetric, Gynecologic & Neonatal Nursing. 48(3), 311-320.

Morton, CH, Seacrist, MJ, VanOtterloo, LR, & Main, EK. "Quality Improvement Opportunities Identified Through Case Review of Pregnancy-Related Deaths From Preeclampsia/Eclampsia." Journal of Obstetric, Gynecologic & Neonatal Nursing. 48(3), 275-287.

Morton, CH, VanOtterloo, LR, Seacrist, MJ, & Main, EK "Translating Maternal Mortality Review Into Quality Improvement Opportunities in Response to Pregnancy-Related Deaths in California." Journal of Obstetric, Gynecologic & Neonatal Nursing. 2019; 48(3), 252-262.

Seacrist, MJ, VanOtterloo, LR, Morton, CH, & Main, EK. "Quality Improvement Opportunities Identified Through Case Review of Pregnancy-Related Deaths From Obstetric Hemorrhage." Journal of Obstetric, Gynecologic & Neonatal Nursing. 48(3), 288-299.

VanOtterloo, LR, Seacrist, MJ, Morton, CH, & Main, EK. "Quality Improvement Opportunities Identified Through Case Review of Pregnancy-Related Deaths From Venous Thromboembolism." Journal of Obstetric, Gynecologic & Neonatal Nursing. 48(3), 300-310.

Leonard, SA, & Main, EK. "Risk of Severe Maternal Morbidity in Relation to Pre-pregnancy Body Mass Index: Roles of Maternal Comorbidities and Cesarean Birth." Paediatric and Perinatal Epidemiology. 2019; doi: 10.1111/ppe.12555.

Markow, C, & Main, EK."Creating Change at Scale: Quality Improvement Strategies used by the California Maternal Quality Care Collaborative." Obstetrics & Gynecology. 2019; 46(2), 317-328. 

Leonard, SA, Main, EK, Scott, KA, Profit J, & Carmichael SL. "Racial and Ethnic Disparities in Severe Maternal Morbidity Prevalence and Trends." Annals of Epidemiology. 2019; 30.

VanGompel, EW, Perez, S, Datta, A, Wang, C, Cape, V, & Main, EK. "Cesarean Overuse and the Culture of Care." Health Services Research. 2019; 54(2): 417-424.

Main, EK, Chang, S, Cape, V, Sakowski, C, Smith, H, & Vasher, J. “Safety Assessment of a Large-Scale Improvement Collaborative to Reduce Nulliparous Cesarean Delivery Rates.” Obstetrics & Gynecology. 2019; 133(4): 613-623.

Leonard SA, Main EK, & Carmichael SL. “The Contribution of Maternal Characteristics to an Increasing Trend of Severe Maternal Morbidity.” BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth. 2019;19(1):16.


2018 Publications

VanGompel, EW, Perez, S, Wang, C, Datta, A, Cape, V, & Main, EK. “Measuring Labor and Delivery Unit Culture and Clinicians’ Attitudes Toward Birth: Revision and Validation of the Labor Culture Survey.” Birth. 2018;11:1-11.

VanOtterloo, LR, Connelly, C, Gould, J, Abreo, A, & Main, EK. "Mothers at Risk: Factors Affecting Maternal Postpartum Length of Stay." Journal of Perinatal & Neonatal Nursing. 2018;10:303-314. 

Main, EK, Markow, C, & Gould, JB. "Addressing Maternal Mortality and Morbidity In California Through Public-Private Partnerships." Health Affairs. 2018;37(9):1484-1493.

Main, EK. "Reducing Maternal Mortality and Severe Maternal Morbidity Through State-based Quality Improvement Initiatives." Clinical Obstetrics and Gynecology. 2018;61(2):319-331.

Main, EK, Dhurjati, R, Cape, V, Vasher, J, Abreo, AChang, SC, & Gould, JB. "Improving maternal safety at scale with the mentor model of collaborative improvement." Joint Commission Journal on Quality and Patient Safety. 2018;44(5):250-259.

VanGompel, EW, Main, EK, Tancredi, D, & Melnikow, J. “Do Provider Birth Attitudes Influence Cesarean Delivery Rate: A Cross-Sectional Study.” BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth. 2018;18(1).